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What You Need to Know to Comply With Lead Paint Regulations
The information on this subject is available on the EPA Government site, the National Lead Information Center:
Simple Steps To Protect Your Family From Lead Hazards 
If you think your home has high levels of lead:  
-Get your young children tested for lead, even if they seem healthy.
-Wash children's hands, bottles, pacifiers, and toys often. 
-Make sure children eat healthy, low-fat foods.  
-Get your home checked for lead hazards.  
-Regularly clean floors, window sills, and other surfaces.  
-Wipe soil off shoes before entering house.  
-Talk to your landlord about fixing surfaces with peeling or chipping paint.  
-Take precautions to avoid exposure to lead dust when remodeling or renovating (call 1-800-424-LEAD for guidelines). 
-Don't use a belt-sander, propane torch, dry scraper, or dry sandpaper on painted surfaces that may contain lead.  
-Don't try to remove lead-based paint yourself. 
Many houses and apartments built before 1978 have paint that contains lead (called lead-based paint). Lead from paint, chips, and dust can pose serious health hazards if not taken care of properly. By 1996, federal law will require that individuals receive certain information before renting, buying, or renovating pre-1978 housing:
LANDLORDS will have to disclose known information on lead-based paint hazards before leases take effect. Leases will include a federal form about lead-based paint. 
SELLERS will have to disclose known information on lead-based paint hazards before selling a house. Sales contracts will include a federal form about lead-based paint in the building. Buyers will have up to 10 days to check for lead hazards. 
RENOVATORS will have to give you this pamphlet before starting work.  
If you want more information on these requirements, call the National Lead Information Clearinghouse at 1-800-424-LEAD.  
This document is in the public domain. It may be reproduced by an individual or organization without permission. Information provided in this booklet is based upon current scientific and technical understanding of the issues presented and is reflective of the jurisdictional boundaries established by the statutes governing the co-authoring agencies. Following the advice given will not necessarily provide complete protection in all situations or against all health hazards that can be caused by lead exposure. 
Lead From Paint, Dust, and Soil Can Be Dangerous If Not Managed Properly. 
FACT: Lead exposure can harm young children and babies even before they are born.  
FACT: Even children that seem healthy can have high levels of lead in their bodies.  
FACT: People can get lead in their bodies by breathing or swallowing lead dust, or by eating soil or paint chips with lead in them.  
FACT: People have many options for reducing lead hazards. In most cases, lead-based paint that is in good condition is not a hazard.  
FACT: Removing lead-based paint improperly can increase the danger to your family. 
If you think your home might have lead hazards, read this pamphlet to learn some simple steps to protect your family.  
1 out of every 11 children in the United States has dangerous levels of lead in the bloodstream. 
Even children who appear healthy can have dangerous levels of lead. 
People can get lead in their body if they:  
-Put their hands or other objects covered with lead dust in their mouths 
-Eat paint chips or soil that contain lead 
-Breathe in lead dust (especially during renovations that disturb painted surfaces) 
Lead is even more dangerous to children than adults because: 
-Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths
-These objects can have lead dust on them 
-Children's growing bodies absorb more lead 
-Children's brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead  
Lead's Effects  
Lead affects the body in many ways.  If not detected early, children with high levels of lead in their bodies can suffer from:  
-Damage to the brain and nervous system 
-Behavior and learning problems (such as hyperactivity) 
-Slowed growth 
-Hearing problems 
Lead is also harmful to adults. Adults can suffer from: 
-Difficulties during pregnancy 
-Other reproductive problems (in both men and women) 
-High blood pressure 
-Digestive problems 
-Nerve disorders 
-Memory and concentration problems 
-Muscle and joint pain  
Get your children tested if you think your home has high levels of lead. 
A simple blood test can detect high levels of lead. Blood tests are important for:  
-Children who are 6 months to 1 year old (6 months if you live in an older home that might have lead in the paint) 
-Family members that you think might have high levels of lead
-If your child is older than 1 year, talk to your doctor about whether your child needs testing 
Your doctor or health center can do blood tests. They are inexpensive and sometimes free. Your doctor will explain what the test results mean. Treatment can range from changes in your diet to medication or a hospital stay.  
In general, the older your home, the more likely it has lead-based paint. 
Many homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint. In 1978, the federal government banned lead-based paint from housing. Lead can be found:  
-In homes in the city, country, or suburbs 
-In apartments, single-family homes, and both private and public housing 
-Inside and outside of the house 
-In soil around a home. (Soil can pick up lead from exterior paint, or other sources such as past use of leaded gas in cars.)  
-Lead from paint chips, which you can see, and lead dust, which you can't always see, can both be serious hazards 
-Lead-based paint that is in good condition is usually not a hazard 
-Peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking lead-based paint is a hazard and needs immediate attention 
Lead-based paint may also be a hazard when found on surfaces that children can chew or that get a lot of wear-and-tear. These areas include: 
-Windows and window sills 
-Doors and door frames 
-Stairs, railings, and banisters 
-Porches and fences 
-Lead dust can form when lead-based paint is dry scraped, dry sanded, or heated
Dust also forms when painted surfaces bump or rub together. Lead chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people touch. Settled lead dust can reenter the air when people vacuum, sweep, or walk through it. 
Lead in soil can be a hazard when children play in bare soil or when people bring soil into the house on their shoes. Call your state agency (see below) to find out about soil testing for lead.  
Just knowing that a home has lead-based paint may not tell you if there is a hazard. 
You can get your home checked for lead hazards in one of two ways, or both: 
-A paint inspection tells you the lead content of every painted surface in your home. It won't tell you whether the paint is a hazard or how you should deal with it. 
-A risk assessment tells you if there are any sources of serious lead exposure (such as peeling paint and lead dust). It also tells you what actions to take to address these hazards. 
-Have qualified professionals do the work. The federal government is writing standards for inspectors and risk assessors. Some states might already have standards in place. Call your state agency for help with locating qualified professionals in your area (see below). 
Trained professionals use a range of methods when checking your home, including: 
-Visual inspection of paint condition and location 
-Lab tests of paint samples 
-Surface dust tests 
-A portable x-ray fluorescence machine 
Home test kits for lead are available, but the federal government is still testing their reliability. These tests should not be the only method used before doing renovations or to assure safety.  
If you suspect that your house has lead hazards, you can take some immediate steps to reduce your family's risk: 
-If you rent, notify your landlord of peeling or chipping paint 
-Clean up paint chips immediately 
-Clean floors, window frames, window sills, and other surfaces weekly. Use a mop or sponge with warm water and a general all-purpose cleaner or a cleaner made specifically for lead. 
-Thoroughly rinse sponges and mop heads after cleaning dirty or dusty areas 
-Wash children's hands often, especially before they eat and before nap time and bed time 
-Keep play areas clean. Wash bottles, pacifiers, toys, and stuffed animals regularly  
-Keep children from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces 
-Clean or remove shoes before entering your home to avoid tracking in lead from soil 
-Make sure children eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium, such as spinach and low-fat dairy products. Children with good diets absorb less lead.  
Removing lead improperly can increase the hazard to your family by spreading even more lead dust around the house.  
Always use a professional who is trained to remove lead hazards safely.  
In addition to day-to-day cleaning and good nutrition:  
-You can temporarily reduce lead hazards by taking actions like repairing damaged painted surfaces and planting grass to cover soil with high lead levels. These actions (called "interim controls") are not permanent solutions and will not eliminate all risks of exposure 
-To permanently remove lead hazards, you must hire a lead "abatement" contractor. Abatement (or permanent hazard elimination) methods include removing, sealing, or enclosing lead-based paint with special materials. Just painting over the hazard with regular paint is not enough 
-Always hire a person with special training for correcting lead problems--someone who knows how to do this work safely and has the proper equipment to clean up thoroughly. If possible, hire a certified lead abatement contractor. Certified contractors will employ qualified workers and follow strict safety rules as set by their state or by the federal government
-Call your state agency (see below) for help with locating qualified contractors in your area and to see if financial assistance is available. 
If not conducted properly, certain types of renovations can release lead from paint and dust into the air.  Take precautions before you begin remodeling or renovations that disturb painted surfaces (such as scraping off paint or tearing out walls):  
Have the area tested for lead-based paint.  
-Do not use a dry scraper, belt-sander, propane torch, or heat gun to remove lead-based paint. These actions create large amounts of lead dust and fumes. Lead dust can remain in your home long after the work is done.  
-Temporarily move your family (especially children and pregnant women) out of the apartment or house until the work is done and the area is properly cleaned. If you can't move your family, at least completely seal off the work area. 
-Follow other safety measures to reduce lead hazards. You can find out about other safety measures by calling 1-800-424-LEAD. You may also download their brochure by clicking on: "Reducing Lead Hazards When Remodeling Your Home." This brochure explains what to do before, during, and after renovations.  
-If you have already completed renovations or remodeling that could have released lead-based paint or dust, get your young children tested and follow the steps outlined above in this brochure.  
While paint, dust, and soil are the most common lead hazards, other lead sources also exist.  
Drinking water. Your home might have plumbing with lead or lead solder. Call your local health department or water supplier to find out about testing your water. You cannot see, smell, or taste lead, and boiling your water will not get rid of lead. If you think your plumbing might have lead in it:  
-Use only cold water for drinking and cooking 
-Run water for 15 to 30 seconds before drinking it, especially if you have not used your water for a few hours 
-The job. If you work with lead, you could bring it home on your hands or clothes. Shower and change clothes before coming home. Launder your clothes separately from the rest of your family's.  
-Old painted toys and furniture  
-Food and liquids stored in lead crystal or lead-glazed pottery or porcelain 
-Lead smelters or other industries that release lead into the air  
-Hobbies that use lead, such as making pottery or stained glass, or refinishing furniture  
-Folk remedies that contain lead, such as "greta" and "azarcon" used to treat an upset stomach  
The National Lead Information Center to learn about other health hazards and how to protect children from lead poisoning: 1-800-424-LEAD (5352).  You may also visit their website at:  
EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline:  1-800-426-4791 for information about lead in drinking water.  
To request information on lead in consumer products, or to report an unsafe consumer product or a product-related injury, contact the U.S. Consumer Products Hotline at 1-800-638-2772. For the hearing impaired, call TTY 1-800-638-8270.  
Some cities and states have their own rules for lead-based paint activities. Check with your state agency (listed below) to see if state or local laws apply to you. Most state agencies can also provide information on finding a lead abatement firm in your area, and on possible sources of financial aid for reducing lead hazards. 
State/Region Websites: 
Alabama - Alabama Department of Public Health  
Alaska - Alaska Department of Health and Social Services  
Arizona - Arizona Department of Health  
Arkansas - Arkansas Department of Health 
California - California Department of Health Services  
Colorado - Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment  
Connecticut - Connecticut Department of Public Health 
Delaware - Delaware Division of Public Health  
District of Columbia - D.C. Department of Health  
Florida - Florida Department of Health 
Georgia - Georgia Division of Public Health 
Hawaii - Hawaii Department of Health 
Idaho - Idaho Department of Health and Welfare 
Illinois - Illinois Department of Public Health 
Indiana - Indiana State Department of Health 
Iowa - Iowa Department of Public Health 
Kansas - Kansas Department of Health and Environment 
Kentucky - Kentucky Cabinet for Health Services 
Louisiana - Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals 
Maine - Maine Department of Health & Human Services 
Maryland - Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene 
Massachusetts - Massachusetts Department of Public Health 
Michigan - Michigan Department of Community Health 
Minnesota - Minnesota Department of Health 
Mississippi - Mississippi State Department of Health
Missouri - Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services 
Montana - Montana Department of Health and Human Services 
Nebraska - Nebraska Health and Human Services System 
Nevada - Nevada State Health Division 
New Hampshire - New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services 
New Jersey - New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services 
New Mexico - New Mexico Department of Health 
New York City - New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene 
New York State - New York State Department of Health 
North Carolina - North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services 
North Dakota - North Dakota Department of Health 
Ohio - Ohio Department of Health 
Oklahoma - Oklahoma State Department of Health
Oregon - Oregon Health Division 
Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania Department of Health 
Rhode Island - Rhode Island Department of Health 
South Carolina - South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control  
South Dakota - South Dakota Department of Health 
Tennessee - Tennessee Department of Health 
Texas - Texas Department of State Health Services 
Utah - Utah Department of Health 
Vermont - Vermont Department of Health 
Virginia - Virginia Department of Health
Washington - Washington State Department of Health 
West Virginia - West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources 
Wisconsin - Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services 
Wyoming - Wyoming Department of Health 
Your Regional EPA Office can provide further information regarding regulations and lead protection programs. 

Region 1 (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont) 

U.S. EPA Region I
Suite 1100 (CPT)
One Congress Street
Boston, MA 02114-2023
(888) 372-7341
Region 2 (New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands) 
Region Lead Contact
U.S. EPA Region 2
2890 Woodbridge Avenue
Building 209, Mail Stop 225
Edison, NJ 08837-3679
(732) 321-6671  
Region 3 (Delaware, Washington DC, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia)  
Region Lead Contact  
U.S. EPA Region 3 (3WC33) 
1650 Arch Street 
Philadelphia, PA 19103 
(215) 814-5000 

Region 4 (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee)  

Region Lead Contact  
U.S. EPA Region 4 
61 Forsyth Street, SW 
Atlanta, GA 30303 
(404) 562-8998  
Region 5 (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin) 
Region Lead Contact  
U.S. EPA Region 5 (DT-8J) 
77 West Jackson Boulevard 
Chicago, IL 60604-3666 
(312) 886-6003  
Region 6 (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)  
Region Lead Contact 
U.S. EPA Region 6 
1445 Ross Avenue, 12th Floor 
Dallas, TX 75202-2733

(214) 665-7577 

Region 7 (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska)  
Region Lead Contact 
U.S. EPA Region 7 (ARTD-RALI) 
901 N. 5th Street 
Kansas City, KS 66101 
(913) 551-7020  
Region 8 (Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)  
Region Lead Contact  
U.S. EPA Region 8 
999 18th Street, Suite 500 
Denver, CO 80202-2466 
(303) 312-6021  
Region 9 (Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada)  
Region Lead Contact 
U.S. EPA Region 9 
75 Hawthorne Street 
San Francisco, CA 94105 
(415) 947-4164  

Region 10 (Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington)  

Region Lead Contact 
U.S. EPA Region 10
Toxics Section WCM-128 
1200 Sixth Avenue 
Seattle, WA 98101-1128 
(206) 553-1985  
For information on how to contact the CPSC, please visit their website at:

Your Regional CPSC Office can provide further information regarding regulations and consumer product safety:  

Eastern Regional Center 
Consumer Product Safety Commission 
201 Varick Street, Room 903 
New York, NY  10014 
(212) 620-4120  
Central Regional Center 
Consumer Product Safety Commission 
230 S. Dearborn Street, Room 2944 
Chicago, IL  60604

(312) 353-8260  

Western Regional Center 
Consumer Product Safety Commission 
1301 Clay Street, Suite 610-N 
Oakland, CA  946124 
(510) 637-4050  

Information for REALTORS and Property Management Firms Regarding the EPA’s Rules Governing; Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting 

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Lead: Renovation, Repair and Painting rule governing the work of professional remodelers in homes where there is lead-based paint took effect April 22, 2010 Earth Day.

The rule addresses remodeling and renovation projects disturbing more than six square feet of potentially contaminated painted surfaces for all residential and multifamily structures built prior to 1978 that are inhabited or frequented by pregnant women and children under the age of six.

REALTORS® and property managers should make themselves aware of the requirements in the Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) Rule. EPA is working closely with the National Association of REALTORS® to make REALTORS® and property managers aware of the hazards of lead paint poisoning and ways to prevent it, and the association has developed a series of guidance videos aimed at REALTORS® and property managers:The videos include guidance and advice on REALTOR® responsibility in light of the new requirements for remodelers: Here are links too 3 of the videos

Click here to watch: Lead Paint Renovation Rule Compliance Guide: Real Estate Agents' and Brokers FAQ


Click here for EPA Concerns & Sources Dealing With Lead

Click here for more information on EPA Renovation Requirements

The Northern Fairfield County Association of Realtors® (NFCAR) offers this information strictly as a guide to assist in the task of residential moving.  Under no terms NFCAR, it’s Board of Directors, staff, nor membership may be held responsible nor liable for any inaccuracies, complications, or problems associated with your move, contracts, or transactions. 



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